Google Android O.S: A Brief Overview
Hold on………………. You are about to experience a fact, Do u know….
What is the most widely used Smartphone OS? Which Smartphone OS has the largest number of Apps in the world? What OS is free to be used, changed and customized according to a smart-phone’s requirement? If you guessed the Android OS by Google you are right!
History of Android:
The story of android began in 2003 when four friends Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White based out of Palo Alto, California decided to make a software that would allow for smarter mobile devices; devices that would be better aware of their owner’s location and preferences. Hence Android Inc, was formed, nobody knew at the time as to what Android would become into…
Android got it’s major break when it was acquired by Google in 2005, from there begins the story to where we see Android today, as the leading smart-mobile device OS. The first company to incorporate Android as an OS for their device was HTC and the first smartphone to run on the Android 1.0 was the HTC Dream G1, this event took place in 2008. The OS along with the device earned a lot of appreciation from its users and so in 2009 HTC Dream G1 was upgraded from Android 1.0 to 1.1 which allowed for greater functionality and greater apps support.
What is Android OS & its Purpose:
The Android OS is all about intelligence, the attempt to make your phone/mobile device as smart, capable and competent as you are yourself. Android was primarily designed for touch screen devices and the OS itself is based on the open source Linux platform, open source means that anyone you, I or any company can take the software and make changes to it in order to improve or customize it according to their needs.
In basic terms it means that anyone can modify the Android OS to suit their needs or customize for their devices, hence the different UIs that we see for each company’s smart phones; Samsung, HTC, Sony etc…
But on the other hand its not that Google has not kept standards, in order for a device to be able to use the Google Android trademark it has to be certified and must follow Google’s Compatibility Definition Document, only then can a device be entitled to Google’s closed source application known as Google Play.
As previously mentioned Android was designed for mobile touch screen devices but that does not mean it cannot be used on a regular computer, in order to do so you must have software like an Android Emulator, which creates a virtual android device on your pc.
Android OS’s Phenomenal Success:
There are several other smartphone OS’s in the market today such Apple’s IOS, Windows Mobile, and Blackberry OS. So then what factors have made Android OS which had such humble beginnings into the most popular and widely used Smart-mobile device operating system?
– Android allows for full utilization of a devices hardware
– People say having an android device is similar to having a pocket sized laptop
– Its open source, it allows for greater customization and ease of use
– Being open source, a lot of developers work on it to design apps as no fear of royalty issues or copyrights.
– Large number of Apps and Games
– Google regularly updates Android versions to stay in line with emerging technologies
Unleash The Power of Apps:
Android has a very large bucket of Applications, according to current estimates there are over 600,000 apps including games available for android and the approximate number of applications/games downloaded from Google Play (Google’s primary Android application store) in 2012 number at around 25 billion give or take a couple of million….
As previously mentioned Android being based on an open source platform has encouraged developers on a large scale to utilize the open source code to create a multitude of apps /games.
Future Of Android:
The future of Android so far looks bright it has the major backing of a lot of developers as well as Google itself and popularity support of its users. The latest version right now is called Jelly Bean 4.2 and is currently being used by cutting edge mobile devices such as the Samsung S4 and HTC One. Plus since there is continuous development you don’t have to change devices frequently to get a new version of the Android, usually large companies customize new Android releases so that they can be used on older devices, by simply having the devices upgrade their firmware.
Research & Content: Sara Marium
Concept & Editing: Faisal Jaswal
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